The Purpose of InvestingBefore we begin talking about class in the United States, we need to discuss the purpose of investing. In my opinion, the purpose of investing is to make your money work for you so that it generates cash regularly instead of (or in addition to) you having to sell your labor.
To illustrate my point: Imagine the case of two men, Greg and John. Greg is a medical doctor and earns approximately $300,000 per year. He has to show up to work regularly, using the rare skills he’s acquired through a very expensive medical school education and years of on-the-job training. If he dies, or goes into a coma, his family will receive little or no income because he’s unable to work. John, on the other hand, owns a $3,000,000 limited service hotel that generates $300,000 per year for him. He doesn’t have to run it or be involved in any way because he pays a management firm to set rates, staff the property, and maintain the standards required by his franchise agreement. If John suddenly passes away or is incapacitated, his property will continue to mint money, drowning the family in cash. The family also has the option of borrowing against the equity they have in the property to acquire another hotel or expand, increasing profits further.1
The Power of Compounding In Determining WealthBuilding up your assets so that they are large enough to produce meaningful income is the challenging part; if it were easy, everyone would have already done it. That’s why the power of compounding is so important. Coming up with a large chunk of money at once is overwhelming. But you’ve already learned that $1 can grow into a substantial amount over time. Consider that at 10% growth, a $10,000 investment would compound to to $25,937, $67,275, $174,494, and $452,593, respectively, over 10, 20, 30, and 40 years. If you’re smart enough to make the investment in your twenties and hold on until your seventies, that one stake would grow to nearly $1,173,910. If you were able to save $10,000 per year, at a 10% rate of return, you’d have $11,639,085 by your seventies (that may sound like a tall order, but if you make more than $50,000 per year, it’s possible). That’s enough money to generate income of between $400,000 and $600,000 annually without ever touching your principal, plus leave a huge estate for your children, grandchildren, or favorite non-profit.
What Constitutes a Household When Calculating Household Income in the United States?Household income is based on people living under the same roof. If you are single, your household income will include only your income. If you are married and both you and your spouse work, the household income will include both incomes.
With that said, let’s look at Leonard Beeghley’s research on household income in the United States and break it down according to class. Once you've examined the chart (you may want to print it for easy reference as you go read the rest of the article), I'm going to walk you through each class and explain what you may want to be doing to help build your wealth.
1. Of course, if Greg were wise, he would have an insurance policy equal to at least $3 to $5 million established for his family. That amount would be enough to replace his income if prudently invested in conservative assets. What the insurance company is providing is the capitalized asset replacement value of Greg’s labor so that the family could continue to be protected and enjoy its standard of living.
Class in the United States
|The Super-Rich (est. 0.9%)||Multi-millionaires whose incomes commonly exceed $350,000; includes celebrities and powerful executives/politicians. Ivy League education common.|
|The Rich (est. 5%)||Households with net worth of $1 million or more; largely in the form of home equity. Generally have college degrees.|
|Middle Class (Majority; est. 46%)||College educated workers with incomes considerably above-average incomes and compensation; a man making $57,000 and a woman making $40,000 may be typical.|
|Working Class (est. 40%-45%)||Blue collar workers and those whose jobs are highly routinized with low economic security; a man making $40,000 and a woman making $26,000 may be typical. High school education.|
|The Poor (est. 12%)||Those living below the poverty line with limited to no participation in the labor force; a household income of $18,000 may be typical. Some high school education.|